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Bibliography Harvard Style Wikipedia France


Both Reference Lists and Bibliographies are placed at the end of your essay, assignment or thesis (unless your lecturer has specified differently, which may be the case for theses). Citations (references) are then arranged alphabetically by author or responsible organisation, or where no author is given, by title. (If the first word is a definite/indefinite article it should be ignored, e.g. The Story of Art should be filed alphabetically under Story). Citations by the same author are then arranged chronologically, with the most recent first.

It is important you consult with your lecturer or Course Notes to determine whether a Reference List or Bibliography is required. 


Reference List (Example)

About Jenny Holzer 2011, dvd, Microcinema International, San Francisco, California.

Art + soul : a journey into the world of aboriginal art2010, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Sydney, 4 October.

Art Farmer 1978, Art, sound recording, Cadet Records, Chicago, Ill.

Chains = Cantene/Titanus 2011, motion picture, British Film Institute, London.

Colli, MG 2009, Bilbao_6 Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, photograph, viewed 4 January 2012, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/52355315@N08/5757476385/>.

Di Trocchio, P 2011, Manstyle : men + fashion, exhibition catalogue, 11 March-27 November, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Vic.

Eales, S (ed.) 2003, The Jacaranda atlas, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Brisbane.

Fujimoto, Tetsuo 1998, Work 98-1, Fibre art : Hemp cloth, polyester threads, Pellon backing and natural plant dyes Exhibited at: Textural Space exhibition, Surrey Institute of Art & Design, 27 Apr - 23 Jun 2001.

Google Earth 6.0. 2008. Hylands House and estates 51°42'39.17"N, 0°26'11.30"W, elevation 60M. 3D Buildings data layer, viewed 31 August 2011, <http://www.google.com/earth/index.html >.

Gorman, P 2001, The look: adventures in pop & rock fashion, Sanctuary Publishing Ltd, London.

Gough, P 2017, What makes art good or bad?, video recording, Youtube, viewed 17 July 2017, 

Le Corbusier, c. 1950-1954, Notre-Dame du Haut, exterior, Ronchamp, France, viewed 12 January 2012, Oxford Art Online database. 

Liebovitz, A 2002, Dancers: photographs by Annie Liebovitz, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Melbourne Water 2012, Weekly water report 5 January 2012: Chart view Daily residential water use in Melbourne, Melbourne Water, Victoria, viewed 12 January 2012, <http://www.melbournewater.com.au/content/water_storages/report>.

Mojang 2009, Minecraft, video game, Xbox 360, Mojang, Sweden.

Nefertari with Isis, n.d. photograph, viewed 4 January 2012, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ankh_isis_nefertari.jpg>.

Sallowsky, M 2006, RMIT buildings - Brunswick campus, digital image, RMIT University, Melbourne, viewed 12 January 2012, <http://www.rmit.edu.au/browse;ID=218ujxd8tspl1>.

Turner, JMW 1812, Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the alps, Oil on canvas, 145×2360 mm, Turner Collection, Tate Gallery, Britain.

Ubisoft Entertainment 2012, Assassins creed III, computer program, Ubisoft Australia.


The LibreOffice inbuilt bibliographic referencing system has a database that is contained within the document file and there is an option for an external database using LibreOffice base. There is a field "Identifier" in the database. This would be the short title for parenthetical (Harvard) referencing, e.g. Heron, J. (2001). This can be inserted in the text of the document using Insert ▸ Indexes and Tables ▸ Bibliography Entry and selecting the item from the dropdown table of Identifiers, referred to in the dialogue as "Short name" or as number. Once an item is referred to it will appear in the bibliography table.

Documentation on the LibreOffice bibliographic features: Writer Guide chapter 12.

Tips for the LibreOffice bibliographic features

  • The field sizes in the default database may be too small. These sizes can be edited in the external database using LibreOffice base.
  • Entries in the external database can be made by opening the database using LibreOffice base and making the entries in the bibliography table. This may be found to be easier than using the inbuilt Tools ▸ bibliography database.
  • Changes in the external database are not automatically reflected in the internal database, see tdf#53165. To update the internal database it is necessary to delete in the text the reference(s) to an item that has been changed and then reinsert them.
  • There are data referred to as "Type" that are contained in the document file. In the bibliography index/table it is necessary to have a “Type” allocated to each entry in order that the correct format can be applied for the entry in the bibliography. For example a book entry would have different items in it from a Book excerpt or a Journal entry. This is not connected to the “Type” field in the bibliography database. (tdf#61426)
To enter a Type go to a reference to the item in the document text, right click on it, click on Bibliography Entry, an Edit Bibliography Entry dialogue comes up, click on Edit and a Define Bibliography Entry dialogue come up in which the Type can be selected from a drop down list. Click OK and click modify. If you have changed anything it asks if you want to alter the existing record.
  • The tab stop settings for a paragraph style in the bibliography index/table has no effect. The tab stop settings are set by selecting the tab in the Insert Index/Table dialogue (right click on the bibliography index/table, Edit Index/Table > Entries click on the Type and click on the T in the Structure line or enter a tab where it is wanted).

Discussion: Referencing Systems in Libreoffice (LO): (Status) = New Draft

Bibliographic and referencing extensions for LibreOffice

  • Zotero is an open source reference manager and bibliographic software. Zotero has an excellent plugin for LibreOffice Writer. Zotero is cross-platform, Windows, Linux, MacOS X. Zotero is commonly used in many fields of academia.
  • JabRef is an open source bibliographic software. It integrates with LibreOffice. JabRef is cross-platform, Windows, Linux, MacOS X.
  • Bibus is an open source bibliographic software. Integration with LibreOffice via pipes. Bibus is cross-platform, Windows, Linux, MacOS X. (need 2.x of Python. LibreOffice 4.x use Python 3.3 and Bibus can't work. May be Bibus update to Python 3.3)
  • DocEar is an open source bibliographic and idea manager. A LibreOffice extension is in development.
  • Mendeley, proprietary Reference Manager and PDF Organiser with LibreOffice plugin.
  • Endnote proprietary referencing system from Elsevier/Thomson Reuters with LibreOffice integration.
  • Citavi proprietary referencing software with LibreOffice integration.
  • Bibliografix proprietary referencing software with LibreOffice integration.

Future Proposal

  1. The default bibliographic referencing system (and database) is complex and difficult to use by default. I found it time consuming to insert citations and a bibliography. It was a slow and difficult process that took along time to use. There is no real possibility to export or import entries or bibliograpies. The support of citation styles is very limited.
  2. Documentation about the bibliographic referencing system in LO is limited but there is a section on bibliographic features in the Writer handbook.
  3. Alternative third-party open source extensions provide excellent bibliographic features.
  4. LibreOffice's integrated features need improvements to compete with referencing systems.

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