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Essay Quaid Dream Welfare State

Our great leader and the founder of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah had a dream, which came into reality in the form of a separate nation, a separate state called Pakistan. Independence of Pakistan is a story of continuous struggle against a host of obstacles and it was Quaid’s guidance and leadership which provided us a bulwark of strength at those difficult times. It was due to his guidance that Muslims gained confidence and with ‘one voice’ demanded a separate homeland for them.

It was Quaid’s dream that, this separate state, for which a lot of struggle has been done, should emerge as a sovereign democratic state. The state where the law would have the supreme authority, where politicians would work with dedication and would remain honest with the state, where every man and woman would work for the development of country. The Pakistan that he dreamed of was the one in which the rights of every citizen would be protected. Poverty would be eradicated in the minimum possible time. Illiteracy would be eradicated. Justice would be in the reach of everyone. Non-Muslims would be protected and respected.

Quaid-e-Azam gave us the principles of Unity, Faith and Discipline to make Pakistan great nation in the world. Quaid’s motto, “work, work and work” is a call to wake us from slumber and work hard to achieve national goals. Quaid once said “I have no doubt that with unity, faith and discipline we will compare with any nation of the world. You must make up your minds now. We must sink individualism and petty jealousies and make up our minds to serve the people with honesty and faithfulness.”

He wanted us to have faith and firm belief in Allah Almighty, he wanted his nation to be faithful with their work and ultimately with their state.

He was of the great view that the rights of minorities should be fully protected and this can only be done if there is unity in the state. Likewise, discipline has also great importance for the growth and development of a country. We should have followed these principles in order to have a better future for the country.

But sadly, even after more than 67 years of independence, the real dream and vision of Quaid-e-Azam could not be achieved. Most of the political leaders as well as the government, judicial and business representatives are involved in corruption. Corruption has ruined our image at the national as well as international level.

Pakistan is facing a bulk of problems including terrorism on the top of the list, poverty, inflation, lawlessness, increasing rate of illiteracy, bad governance, unemployment, lust for power in politicians, economic instability.

Pakistan is rich in natural resources but again because of corruption and mismanagement in public sectors, we are not able to use these resources properly. These problems are day-by-day worsening the economic situation of our country.

The current situation of Pakistan is totally opposite of what Quaid’s vision was. We have lost the path chosen by the Quaid for the prosperity of Pakistan, today we do not trust each other. Attacks on minorities and their place of worship is a bitter but truthful fact. Today, we have no unity.

In order to solve these problems the elimination of illiteracy should be the prime focus of government. People should be educated on a mass-scale, especially the youth of this country because they are the future makers of this country. Quaid-e-Azam once addressed the youth “without education, it is complete darkness and with education it is light. Education is a matter of life and death to our nation.”

The democratic system of Pakistan should be strengthened and made workable. There should be abridgment of the gap between rich and poor. National income should be distributed rationally among all sections of the society. Provision of food, housing and clothing should be given top priority. And the most important is the elimination of terrorism.

To make Pakistan strong we will have to become economically stable, industrially advanced, socially united and spiritually firm. We will have to achieve these four goals in order to make our Quaid’s dream come true!



Tags: 23rd March | Alama Iqbal | Independence Day | Pakistan | Quaid-e-Azam

Hilary Rose on Richard Titmuss's Essays on the 'Welfare State' .

I suspect, like a number of women of my generation and class background, having a "career", let alone becoming an academic, was more accidental than planned. In consequence intellectual biography is inextricably muddled up with the personal, thus for me, the CND movement, polio, and Richard Titmuss's Essays on the 'Welfare State' were the crucial triple precipitates that led me to go to university. For in 1958, the polio epidemic took my young husband's life, and I found myself widowed at 23 with a small son of three with no very visible means of support.

My CND friends included a number of young intellectuals, university graduates, then a rarer species, who encouraged me to take a degree. But it was Titmuss's book that offered both an intellectual and personal key, for I was learning first hand as a new welfare dependent why that postwar "welfare state" was both a historical achievement and why it was not a trivial matter to use those distancing quotation marks. His brilliant essays on the social division of welfare; the NHS as the jewel in the crown which might justifying removing those quotes, framed an agenda for social policy for more than two decades.

There was also an important essay on the position of women - for me a first hint of a feminist project which was to come into dramatic existence with the women's movement.

Freely interpreting the book provided me with a clue to why the male National Assistance officer, who, commenting that I was pretty and would therefore soon remarry, dismissed my request for help with the interest on the mortgage. I could not speak for many years of the nausea and humiliation that I felt at his words, curiously they hurt even more than the prospect of homelessness. Yet they also gave me a kind of steel, so that when I learned from Titmuss that because a widowed mother's pension was "unearned income" that I could also receive a student's grant, it was as if a door opened.

I was admitted into the Titmuss department the following year and soon after graduating become a junior lecturer at the LSE. That experience of the "welfare state" from below, sowed the seeds of an intellectual and political conflict between the conception of welfare as something to be planned by experts for Others - quintessentially the hallmark of the Titmuss approach and that of the Labour Party - and democratically managed welfare services. The year 1968 and the "student troubles" as LSE named the events, with their demands for democratic accountability in education, welfare and the research system, inexorably, and painfully, revealed the elitism of Titmuss's approach and its impatience with democracy.

That postwar "welfare state" with all its limitations not least the overvaluing of professionals, is worlds apart from today's run-down welfare programmes, with their Victorian dependency ideology, and government-inspired contempt of all that is good about public service professionals. After the institutionalised greed of Thatcherism and the affectations of designer socialism, a passion for social justice and a vision of a caring society is stirring again. The difference is that experience of both inflexible bureaucracy in the old welfare system and indifference and corruption in quangoland, has emphasised the need for democratic accountability. The best of today's social policy thinking seeks to rebuild a welfare society that is "ours", in which voices, once silenced by relations of gender, race and class, and excluded by intellectual elitism actively shape new welfare theories and practices.

Hilary Rose is professor of social policy, University of Bradford.

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